For assistance or further information, contact:
Dr. Sherman Hou
Department of Foreign Languages
Webster Hall 352
Missouri Southern State University
3950 E. Newman Road
Joplin, MO 64801
Tel: (417) 625-3106 Fax: (417) 625-9585
The total estimated cost for the MSSU Summer Study Program in Beijing is $3,000.00, excluding MSSU tuition, which may be covered by other financial assistance. The cost is tentative and subject to change in the event of extenuating circumstances such as the unexpected increase of airfare, etc.
The budget will cover the following:
Students will share a double room with a private bath and eat at the University's cafeterias. The room is furnished and air-conditioned. It also has a TV and a telephone. Students need to obtain a passport at their own expense. If you have a passport, it has to be valid within six months prior to the departure. Students may want to bring no more than $300 for snacks, private meals, souvenirs, and emergency, etc.
Students can earn six hours of college credits with Missouri Southern by taking two of the offered upper and/or lower-division courses. Courses offered are Beginning Chinese I (Chi101), Beginning Chinese II (Chi102), Intermediate Chinese I (Chi203), Intermediate Chinese II (Chi204), Advanced Chinese I (Chi305), and Advanced Chinese II (Chi306). All classes will be held Monday through Friday from 8 : 00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. Culture-related activities take place in the afternoon. Tutorials are offered by request at no extra charge. Each course is the prerequisite for the next level course.
All students who are planning to take at least a listed Chinese course in the summer on the campus of the host University in China are eligible to apply. To qualify for a grant, however, the student must have a minimum 2.5 GPA and be a full-time Missouri Southern student. The student must have completed or be enrolled in a combined total of 24 hours during the Summer, Fall, and Spring semesters. Those who disqualify for a grant may travel and earn six credits at their own expense.
Personalized language instruction and classes taught by instructors from CUC;
Ample culture-related activities that give students daily exposure to Chinese culture and customs;
Great Wall -- The Great Wall is one of the eight wonders of the world and is the only man-made structure that is visible from the moon. This immense wall was built to keep out invaders as well as to retain the inhabitants. It spans five provinces (6,700 kilometers, or 2,587 miles) from Shanhaiguan Pass in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west. Like a gigantic dragon, it winds up and down across deserts, grasslands and mountains. Just outside Beijing, it is possible to climb a section of the Great Wall and enjoy a splendid panoramic view that you will remember for the rest of your life.
Summer Palace -- a famous classic imperial garden with breathtaking beauty. Bold and generously designed, the northern gardens skillfully blend into the exquisite delicacy of the southern gardens. The Summer Palace holds a special place in the history of Chinese gardens. These are only two of the many majestic gardens in Beijing.
Forbidden City -- the world's largest and best-preserved imperial palace complex. Surrounded by a moat that is six meters deep and a ten-meter high wall are 9,999 rooms - just one room short of the number that ancient Chinese believed represented divine perfection. Once having entered the Forbidden City, visitors are transported to a spacious world of great luxury that had a culture of its own. For five centuries, this palace functioned as the administrative center of the country as well as being the pleasure home of the emperors and empresses who were served by thousands of people. Walking along the corridors and through various rooms it becomes easy to understand the impact of the rulers who lived here and their isolation from the rest of Chinese life. Regardless of how much history you have read, or movies featuring the Forbidden City you have seen, the place itself is not to be missed by any Beijing visitor.
Ming Tomb -- the burial site of 13 ancient emperors; the Drum Tower built in the 1400's; Tiantan Park with its excellent Ming architectures; Fragrant Hills Park; the Ancient Observatory that dates back to the days of Kublai Khan; The Silk Market; Botanical Gardens; the Indian-designed Temple of Azure Clouds and many, many more wondrous places.
Temple of Confucius -- Visiting these temples can help elucidate three primary philosophies that formed the basis for early Chinese life and culture. For example, much of traditional Chinese medicine's principles and theories were derived from the work of Taoist doctors and masters.
Tiananmen Square -- the largest city central square in the world. The solemn and respectful Square is not only the symbol of Beijing but also the symbol of China. This immense courtyard is the site of many historic events. The square is surrounded by a variety of significant edifices: Chinese Revolution History Museum, Mao Mausoleum, Great Hall of the People, the elegant and beautiful Tiananmen (Heavenly Peace Gate), and Qianmen (Front Gate). The daily flag ceremony at the square, performed at sunrise and sunset each day, is most exceptional and well-worth making time to view.
Temple of Heaven -- the largest group of structures in the country dedicated to rituals that pay homage to heaven. This temple was built specifically for the worship of heaven and prayers for good harvests during the time of the Ming and Qing dynasties. There are two amazing acoustical spots here. On the top of the tri-leveled round altar (originally built in the 1500's) there is a spot where your words reverberate around you. You can easily imagine the power that temporal rulers felt as their prayers for abundance echoed as if they issued down from the heavens. The other is at the Echo Wall that partially encloses a circular courtyard that is 65 meters (213 feet) in diameter. Words whispered at one end travel along the wall and can be heard clearly by someone listening at the other end. The entire temple complex is a treasure of ancient Chinese architectural design and art. Symbolic shape combinations (the temples are round on square bases signifying heaven and earth) and various mystical numbers are the basis for much of the design work. The temple structures themselves are stunning works of art. All of this and more is set in the midst of a beautiful park.
Beihai Park -- it was probably built by the Great Khan centuries earlier than the Forbidden City. This park was enjoyed by the various rulers of China for hundreds of years and features pavilions, architecturally interesting walkways, the 27-meter-long (about 88 feet) Nine Dragon Screen (built to scare off evil spirits), a jar that is the last remnant of the Khan's court that had been there, the Five Dragon Pavilion dating from the mid 1600's, and a large lake with an island in the middle.
A trip to Xi'an to experience ancient Chinese culture
terra cotta solders--The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century. Work is ongoing at this site, which is around 1.5 kilometers east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum, Lintong County, Shaanxi province. It is a sight not to be missed by any visitor to China.
Upon ascending the throne at the age of 13 (in 246 BC), Qin Shi Huang, later the first Emperor of all China, had work begun on his mausoleum. It took 11 years to finish. It is speculated that many buried treasures and sacrificial objects had accompanied the emperor in his after life. A group of peasants uncovered some pottery while digging for a well nearby the royal tomb in 1974. It caught the attention of archeologists immediately. They came to Xian in droves to study and to extend the digs. They had established beyond doubt that these artifacts were associated with the Qin Dynasty (211 --206 BC).
The State Council authorized to build a museum on site in 1975. When completed, people from far and near came to visit. Xian and the Museum of Qin Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses have become landmarks on all travelers' tinerary.
Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the star features at the museum. They are replicas of what the imperial guard should look like in those days of pomp and vigor.
The museum covers an area of 16,300 square meters, divided into three sections: No. 1 Pit, No. 2 Pit, and No. 3 Pit respectively. They were tagged in the order of their discoveries. No. 1 Pit is the largest, first opened to the public on China's National Day, 1979. There are columns of soldiers at the front, followed by war chariots at the back.
No. 2 Pit, found in 1976, is 20 meters northeast of No. 1 Pit. It contained over a thousand warriors and 90 chariots of wood. It was unveiled to the public in 1994.Archeologists came upon No. 3 Pit also in 1976, 25 meters northwest of No. 1 Pit. It looked like to be the command center of the armed forces. It went on display in 1989, with 68 warriors, a war chariot and four horses.
Altogether over 7,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur.
The Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a sensational archeological find of all times. It has put Xian on the map for tourists. It was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the world cultural heritages.
The City Wall -- When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should "built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an Emperor," so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang dynasty (618 -907), creating the modern Xian City Wall. It's the most complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being one of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.
After the extension, the wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) thick at the bottom. It covers 13.7 kilometers (8.5 miles) in length with a deep moat surrounding it. Every 120 meters, there is a rampart which extends out from the main wall. All together, there are 98 ramparts on the wall, which were built to defend against the enemy climbing up the wall. Each rampart has a sentry building, in which the soldiers could protect the entire wall without exposing themselves to the enemy. Besides, the distance between every two ramparts is just within the range of an arrow shot from either side, so that they could shoot the enemy, who wanted to attack the city, from the side. On the outer side of the city wall, there are 5948 crenellations, namely battlements. The soldiers can outlook and shoot at the enemy. On the inner side, parapets were built to protect the soldiers from falling off.
Since the ancient weapons did not have the power to break through a wall and the only way for an enemy to enter the city was by attacking the gate of the city wall. This is why complicated gate structures were built within the wall. In Xian, the city wall includes four gates and they are respectively named as Changle (meaning eternal joy) in the east, Anding (harmony peace) in the west, Yongning (eternal peace) in the south and Anyuan (forever harmony) in the north. The south gate, Yongning, is the most beautifully decorated one. It is very near to the Bell Tower, center of the city. Important greeting ceremonies organized by the Provincial Government are usually held in the south gate square.
Each city gate has three gate towers: Zhenglou, Jianlou and Zhalou. The most outside is Zhalou, which stands away from the City Wall and is opposite to Zhenglou. It was used to raise and lower the suspension bridge. Jianlou with small windows in the front and flanks was used as a defensive outpost. Zhenglou, in the inner, is the main entrance to the city. The wall connects Jianlou and Zhenglou Towers. The area between them within the wall was called "Wong Cheng", in which the soldiers stationed. From Wong Cheng, there are sloped horse passages leading to the top of the city wall.
Initially, the wall was built with layers of dirt, with the base layer including also lime and glutinous rice extract. Throughout the time Xian City Wall has been restored three times. In 1568, Zhang Zhi (the government officer of that period) was in charge to rebuild the wall with bricks. In 1781, another officer, Bi Yuan, refitted the city wall and the gate towers. More recently (since 1983) the Shaanxi Provincial Government restored the city wall again. A circular park has been built along the high wall and the deep moat. The thriving trees and flowers decorate the classical Chinese architecture of the wall, adding additional beauty to the city of Xian.
A nice suggestion for tourists: Try biking on the City Wall, you will have an enjoyable and interesting experience.
Weekends excursions to the following famous places to experience Chinese history and northern Chinese culture:
Will be available before the trip.
The Study Abroad Program in Beijing, an exceptional academic experience, has been developed by MSSU in cooperation with the Communication University of China (CUC), an affiliate of the State Ministry of Education of China and one of the national-level major prestigious universities in China. CUC ranks among the highest of educational institutions on communications in the country.
Founded in March 1954, CUC has successively developed into a comprehensive university, which focuses on teaching and research. The university currently offers Ph. D programs, Master's programs, Bachelor's programs, higher vocational education programs, and continuing education programs. CUC has gained an outstanding place among all universities in China for its distinctive features and unique advantages.
CUC has a group of professors and scholars well known both at home and abroad. There are 1700 teaching and administrative staffs, among which are 886 full-time teachers, over 50% of whom are professors and associate professors. Over 100 well-known experts and scholars are invited as consulting professors and adjunct professors of CUC.
CUC has been vigorously promoting international academic exchanges and has established friendly linkage with over 130 universities and media organizations in about 40 countries and areas, including the United States, Japan, Germany, France, Canada, Austria, and Russia. CUC has extensive experiences with exchange programs and has developed different forms of education for international students. It currently has over 300 exchange students from more than 10 counties and areas in the world. The instructors of this Program will be working under the supervision of a Missouri Southern faculty member and follow academic guidelines established by MSSU.
At the time of acceptance, students are required to pay a $750 non-refundable deposit that will be applied to the total cost of the program. An escrow account for the payment will be set up at the business office. Your position will be secured when your deposit is received.
Participants are strongly encouraged to apply for financial aid through the contact person listed. If your application for a grant is accepted, you will receive $750.
The first payment of $750 is due in January. This payment is a deposit and is non-refundable. The second payment of $850 is due in February. The final payment of the remainder is due in April. All installments of the payment will be handled at the business office.